Managing Employee Burnout: Tips for Managers

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What is Employee Burnout?

Burnout is a state of emotional, mental, and physical exhaustion resulting from chronic stress in the workplace. It is a severe occupational health hazard that can significantly affect individuals, teams, and even entire organisations. Burnout is a costly phenomenon that affects not only the employee’s well-being but also business outcomes. 

Burnout is a gradual process that can sneak up on employees and their managers, making it challenging to identify and address in its early stages. It tends to start as drive and ambition, though can develop into overwhelming feelings of cynicism and detachment towards their work. Burnout often develops when the individual cannot cope with excessive demands or work pressure, feels a lack of control or support as examples.

Stress management

Burnout can impact employees’ mental health, leading to depression, anxiety, and other related disorders. Physical health complaints such as fatigue, headaches, and sleep disorders can also result from burnout. Burnout can also spill over into employees’ personal lives – affecting their relationships, social life, and overall health. 

Moreover, burnout is not limited to any industry, profession or job level. It can affect employees across all industries, from healthcare to finance, to retail, and in businesses of all sizes. Burnout can arise in any work environment, including remote work, low-wage work, 24/7 shift work, and jobs in positions of responsibility. 

To prevent and manage employee burnout, employers should promote a culture that prioritises employee well-being. This can involve providing support and resources to help employees manage stress, creating workspace that promotes work-life balance, and providing opportunities for professional development, recognition and growth. 

In summary, employee burnout is a serious issue that employers must address proactively. Understanding the signs and causes of burnout and implementing preventive measures, such as stress management training, can promote a healthy and productive workforce.

Recognising the Symptoms of Burnout in Employees

As a manager, it’s important to be able to recognise the symptoms of burnout emerging in employees, in order to prevent it from negatively impacting their mental health and job performance. 

Some common symptoms of burnout are:

Emotional exhaustion – Employees may feel drained and overwhelmed, lose interest in their work, and become irritable or highly sensitive.

Depersonalisation – Employees may distance themselves emotionally from colleagues and clients, leading to a lack of empathy and compassion.

Reduced personal accomplishment – Employees may feel like they are not making progress in their work or achieving their goals, leading to a loss of confidence and motivation.

Physical symptoms – Burnout can also manifest in physical symptoms such as headaches, stomach problems, and exhaustion.


If you recognise any of these symptoms in your employees, it is important to take action, to prevent burnout from escalating. You can do so by:

Encouraging open communication – Create an environment where employees feel comfortable discussing their concerns and workload. This can help prevent feelings of isolation and overwhelm.

Recognise and reward hard work – Acknowledge your employees’ hard work and accomplishments to boost their confidence and motivation.

Prioritise work-life balance – Encourage your employees to take breaks and unplug from work outside of working hours to prevent burnout.

Provide support – Offer support and resources such as mental health services and time management training to help employees manage stress and workload.


By recognising the symptoms of burnout emerging in your employees and taking proactive steps to prevent it, you can create a healthier and more productive workplace for everyone.

Causes of Employee Burnout

To effectively manage employee burnout, it is important to understand the causes. Common causes of burnout include:

Work Overload

One of the most common causes of employee burnout is workload. When employees feel that they have too much work to complete or not enough time to complete it, they can feel overwhelmed, and unable to keep up with the demands of their job. This can lead to fatigue, poor sleep, and burnout. Managers should be mindful of the workload they assign to employees and ensure that they are not allocating them too many tasks.

Lack of Control

When people feel like they have no agency or control over their work, they can become apathetic or disengaged. Managers should provide employees with opportunities for autonomy and decision-making to help combat burnout.

Lack of Recognition

When employees feel that their work is not being recognised or appreciated, they are more likely to become disengaged and lose motivation. Managers should acknowledge the hard work of their employees and provide regular feedback and recognition to keep them motivated.

Poor Communication

Effective communication is crucial to maintaining a healthy work environment. When communication breaks down, conflicts can arise, and workplace stress can skyrocket. This can lead to burnout, particularly if employees feel isolated or unsupported. It is essential for managers to foster open and transparent communication channels to prevent burnout.

Role Ambiguity

When employees are given unclear instructions or have to take on tasks that are outside of their job description, they can feel overworked, stressed, and become burnt out. Managers should clearly define roles and responsibilities to prevent burnout.

By understanding the factors that contribute to burnout, managers can take steps to prevent it, and create a healthy work environment that promotes overall well-being.

Effective Strategies for Managing Employee Burnout

There are a number of simple but effective strategies that can reduce the likelihood of employees experiencing burnout:

Encourage Work-Life Balance

Employees who struggle to balance their work and personal life are at increased risk of experiencing burnout. Flexible working hours, remote work opportunities, and offering benefits such as additional vacation days, can all improve work-life balance and reduce burnout. It’s also important to be mindful of employees’ shift patterns, to reduce the likelihood of employees not having adequate energy left after work to engage in a personal life.

Recognise Hard Work

Employees who feel overlooked or underappreciated are at increased risk of burnout. Employers can recognise and reward hard work to show their appreciation. This can be done through simple gestures such as a via verbal recognition of hard work, thank-you notes, or more significant rewards such as a promotion or pay rise.

Provide Opportunities for Growth

Employees who feel stagnant or unchallenged may experience burnout. Employers can facilitate opportunities for growth by offering training programs and mentorship. This can help to upskill employees, benefitting both the individual and the business.

Foster a Supportive Work Environment

A supportive work environment can go a long way in preventing burnout. Employers can promote a positive work culture by encouraging teamwork, providing opportunities for employee feedback, and fostering open communication. Feeling supported at work can help reduce stress and promote overall wellbeing.

Address Burnout Early On

Employers should monitor their employees’ workload and wellbeing to identify signs of burnout early on. This can include noticing changes in behaviour or performance, increased absenteeism or disengagement. Once identified, employers can address the issues and provide support, such as employee counselling or time off work.

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How Managers Can Support Their Team's Mental Health and Wellbeing

Some practical ways that managers can support their team’s mental health and wellbeing are:

Encourage Open Communication 

One of the most effective ways to create a supportive work environment is to offer opportunities to share feedback. Feeling heard and valued will help to build relationships based on trust, which can lead to more fruitful and productive work relationships.

Flexible Working Arrangements 

As a manager, consider offering flexible working options to your team members, such as flexible start and finish times or working from home. This can help to reduce stress levels and increase employee happiness, as well as improve retention rates.

Promote Work-Life Balance 

In today’s fast-paced and demanding world, it can be challenging for employees to maintain a healthy work-life balance. As a manager, encourage your team to take regular breaks, limit overtime or picking up extra shifts whilst on annual leave, and don’t expect them to be available 24/7.

Lead by Example 

As a manager, you have the opportunity to positively influence your employees mental health, simply by tending to your own wellbeing. Lead by example, and show your team that you value and prioritise work-life balance, good communication and self-care. Emphasise the importance of mental health breaks and teach your team how to recognize and manage workplace stress effectively.

Signpost to Support Services 

Even with the best intentions and management practices in place, some team members may need additional support for their mental health and wellbeing. As a manager, it’s important to signpost team members to support services or counselling, such as employee assistance programmes (EAPs) or mental health first aiders. Ensure that your team is aware of these services and how to access them.

Remember, happy, healthy employees are key to business success.

The Benefits of Addressing Employee Burnout Early

Employers who fail to address burnout run the risk of low morale, high turnover rates and a decline in productivity. Below are just a number of the benefits of addressing employee burnout:

Increased Productivity

Burnout can lead to a decrease in efficiency and quality of work, ultimately impacting your business. By recognising the signs of employee burnout and addressing it as soon as possible, you can help to ensure that your employees remain motivated and productive. This can lead to an increase in productivity and quality of work, benefitting your business in the long run.

Better Employee Retention Rates

Employee burnout can lead to high turnover rates. By showing your employees that you are committed to their wellbeing and are willing to take proactive steps to address burnout, you can build a stronger and more loyal workforce.

Improved Workplace Culture

By prioritising the mental and emotional wellbeing of your employees, you will creating a positive and supportive working environment. This can lead to increased morale, motivation and job satisfaction. Employees who feel valued and supported are more likely to remain loyal to their employer, leading to a happier workforce.

Reduced Business Costs

By investing in your employees’ wellbeing, you are investing in your business. Happy, motivated and productive employees can help to improve your profits and reduce the costs associated with high turnover rates and low productivity.

In conclusion, addressing employee burnout early can have a range of positive impacts on your business. From increased productivity to improved workplace culture, investing in your employees’ mental and emotional wellbeing can lead to a more successful and profitable business. By recognising the signs of burnout and taking proactive steps to address it, you can create a positive working environment that fosters loyalty, motivation and productivity.

Tips For Creating a Positive Work Environment to Prevent Emotional Exhaustion

Here are some key tips on how to create a positive work environment to prevent emotional exhaustion:

Encourage work-life balance: Encouraging your employees to have a healthy work-life balance is crucial for preventing emotional exhaustion. Help your employees set healthy boundaries and avoid working long hours, which can lead to burnout. Encouraging regular breaks, time off and providing them with activities to do outside work can help to avoid staff feeling overwhelmed.


Establish open communication: Open communication can help to identify and address issues early so that they do not lead to more significant problems. Create a culture that values transparency and encourages employees to speak openly, give feedback and ask for help. It’s important to ensure that employees feel that they have someone they can turn to.


Offer employee well-being programs: Research has shown that employee well-being programs can be highly effective in enhancing employee wellbeing and preventing burnout. Employee wellness programs can include mental health support, training sessions and workshops, mentoring, cycle to work schemes. Promoting activities that support health, such as drinking water, access to healthy foods, and exercise, should be promoted to reduce stress.


Encourage Social Connectedness: Encouraging social connectedness is important when fostering a positive work environment. This includes initiatives that build positive social connections and improve team communication, such as collaborative activities, communication and team-building activities. This helps to foster a sense of community and help prevent staff feeling isolated or stressed.


By creating a positive work environment where employees can thrive, it is possible to prevent burnout and emotional exhaustion. Incorporating a blend of the above strategies will make an important difference to the health of your employees and your business.

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